Category Archives: Radio

Dave's Social Experiment

“Dave” has been running a social experiment to evangelize the uses of OPML and to lead aggregator developers to standardization. As a side effect, the OPML contributors have been asking for more data about their ad-hoc social groups. I'm one of those clammoring for more.

I made an observation that I want to share with everyone. Of those on my list of subscriptions, the people that I read/comment/converse with most often are those that have the some of the lowest readership. Dann Sheridan is a great example. Of those that have contributed to the site, six subscribe to his feed, self included.

Maybe subscription rank is not an indication of importance.

Just “thinking out loud”…

Who Subscribes? (updated)

update: Found out that Rogers Cadenhead subscribes, but prefixes the domain with 'www'. Thanks, Rogers! Also, some have not shared who subscribes to what sites, so there are others not counted here. To all, again, thank you.

I'd like to thank six very nice people for reading my RSS feed. Dann's was one of my first; Sean's old “dot.communist” I was attracted to by the title. I read both still for the same reason: recurring and compelling content.

Thanks, RSS feed readers. If you haven't contributed over there yet, please do so. Sign up and submit your feed


is the first of five
articles in a series that will be published intermittently this month.
This article summarizes what I believe were the most important ideas of
2003 in the world of blogs and blogging.  The other articles in the
series will propose the most
important ideas of the year in:

  • business,
  • politics & economics,
  • arts
    & science, and
  • the environment.


During the year, the blogosphere
doubled in size, and began to mature into a true alternative medium
for information and connection. My nominations for the most important
ideas of the year* in blogs & blogging are:

  1. The Internet is a World of Ends
    – Doc Searls and David Weinberger finally explained to bloggers and to
    e-business what the Internet is and how it works. As a result, bloggers
    (and blogging tool developers) now realize that there will never be
    'standards' for blogs, blog censorship, clear rules on what is and
    isn't appropriate in citing others' work on your blog, standard blog
    taxonomy and categories, an official definition or list of blogs,
    unarguable or untamperable rankings of blog popularity, or controls of
    any kind. It's a jungle out here. There are no rules.
    The blogosphere, like the Internet, is owned by no one, open to
    everyone, and made better by each of us. A cornucopia of unrestricted
    and open innovation. Its value flowers at the ends, and, fellow
    bloggers, we are the ends.
  2. Blog popularity is subject to Shirky's Power Law
    – “In systems where many people are free to choose between many
    options, a small subset of the whole will always get a disproportionate
    amount of traffic (or attention, or income), by the very act of
    choosing”. It's the old 80/20 rule. The later you are starting to blog,
    the harder it becomes to find an audience. Not impossible, just harder.
    There are anomalies: new blogging communities and new 'hot topics' can
    allow savvy bloggers to quickly galvanize a readership. But if you want
    to be popular in the blogosphere, it's more important to be first than
  3. Blogs have Tipping Points and manifest the Strength of Weak Ties
    – Ever noticed how hard it is to get your family and close friends
    ('strong ties') to read your blog? That's because they see no
    incremental value in doing so. But friends of friends, people two or
    three degrees removed from your network, do. Weak ties probably got you
    your job, found your life partner, provoked your most innovative ideas,
    and sourced most of your blog's readership. And you can exploit these
    weak ties to push a new idea, find new readers, perhaps even save the
    world. It's easy: Just Test the credibility
    of and degree of interest in what you're saying by sending messages to
    selected mavens (bloggers who incubate new ideas and stick with them
    until they catch), A-listers (bloggers who already have a huge audience),
    and connectors (bloggers, like me, who have an audience that crosses
    diverse communities of interest); focus on a few subjects and
    address them profoundly and creatively, instead of talking a bit about
    everything under the sun; and believe: persevere until your message finds its audience.
  4. Blog functionality is a critical component of Social
    , and Social Networking will transform blogging

    (and also transform the
    Internet, the media, the way we communicate, and even the evolution of
    business) – Social Networking Applications (recently voted Technology
    of the Year by Business 2.0 magazine) will go beyond just allowing you
    to publish what's on your mind and browse what's on other people's.
    They will allow you to map and manage your networks, the communities to
    which you belong, your strong and weak ties. They will evolve blogging
    from clumsy, mostly one-way communication to a rich, two-way seamless
    multi-media communications medium that will allow you to identify and connect simply and powerfully with people you want to know better
    (for personal, practical or business reasons). Build deep
    relationships. Collaborate on awesome projects. Find the next president.
  5. Blogs could be the platform for a proxy for each of us as individuals,
    our electronic filing cabinet and electronic identity
    – A blog consists of information about you, and knowledge you've accumulated. What if you expanded it to be a repository for all the information about you and all the knowledge you've accumulated, your 'locked' filing cabinet.
    You control it, you decide what does and doesn't go into it, and who
    can have a temporary key to what parts of it. Then at work, it could be
    your proxy, the repository of knowledge that shows your value to your
    employer and the value you've added to the company. And it could be
    your resume. At home it could be your medical patient record. Your
    bookshelf catalogue and refrigerator/pantry inventory and recipe book.
    Your bio for the dating service. Imagine the applications that could be
    built on this knowledge. Your intellectual property, under your
    control. Amazing. Scary.
  6. The abandonment of 80-90% of blogs is a positive phenomenon
    – Media who just don't 'get it' have pointed to the abandonment of most
    blogs as an indication they're too technologically complex, or have no
    broad appeal, no staying power. What this abandonment really represents
    is a large number of people deciding that writing really isn't that
    important to them. The focus should instead be on the 10-20% who are
    still blogging. That's millions, potentially hundreds of millions of
    people regularly honing their writing skills, getting valuable
    commentary from readers on their writing and their ideas. Instead of a
    wasteland of abandoned effort, the blogosphere (along with perhaps IM)
    could actually be the most important development in written language since the printing press.
    As newspaper readership plummets and the next generation opts for oral
    communications over written, the timing of this phenomenon could not be
    more significant.
  7. Blogging is increasingly a platform for achieving mainstream recognition
    – Just as the main readers of most business websites are competitors,
    not customers, the mainstream media are perusing blogs for new ideas
    and trends. So far they haven't really caught on to how the blogosphere
    works, so the process is serendipitous, creating brief fame mainly for
    A-listers who provide alternative viewpoints to stories of the day
    where no mainstream media pundits are at hand. But the mainstream media
    and bloggers are both learning how to use each other. Some bloggers
    have launched books based on their blogs, and some blogging
    self-promoters now have columns or spots in regular media. Those who
    think there's no money and fame in blogging are too quick to judge
    blogs' importance in the information society.
  8. The culture of blogging is evolving faster than
    the technology

    – The frustration of bloggers with the tools available to them is
    palpable. That's not the tool designers' fault: They operate on a
    shoestring and their 'customers' all want something different. They'll
    eventually build tools that are both simple and flexible, as both the
    technology, and the understanding of its use, mature. In the meantime,
    impatient bloggers are working around the impediments, learning about
    HTML and CSS themselves. This is World of Ends innovation at work,
    producing a proliferation of new blog 'products' and hybrids. Group
    blogs are one example of a blog phenomenon that will only last until
    more dynamic mechanisms for cross-posting and guest privileging are
    developed in next generation blogs. The key is to go with the flow. Be
    part of the evolution or be left behind.
  9. Blogs, like diaries, are a substitute for intimacy
    – Bloggers (and perhaps all writers) are a million voices howling in
    the dark. There is an inherent loneliness in writing, and the
    blogosphere provides an opportunity to make new connections with little
    risk. You don't need to reveal your identity. You can throw ideas out
    there that you might not dare voice face-to-face, for fear of being
    laughed at, or carted away. You can reveal things to 'strangers' that
    you might not be willing to tell those close to you. You can think out
    loud. You can test the waters, safely. The only consequence is that
    when you meet a fellow blogger or reader face-to-face, or even
    voice-to-voice, it can be psychologically jarring. It's almost as if
    you've broken the rules.
  10. RSS is blurring the distinction between blogs and other

    – RSS, the ability to syndicate your posts and let people subscribe to
    them, transforms the metaphor of a blog from a diary to a publication.
    That crosses the main divide that separates it from mainstream media.
    Although the future of any medium is impossible to predict, I believe
    RSS has played a pivotal role in forestalling, and perhaps completely
    subverting, the plan of many of the major print media to start charging
    money for their on-line editions. I know for a fact that was in the
    cards as recently as a year ago.

What do you think? Have I missed some important ideas?

* Yes, I know some of these
ideas are themselves not new this year. There is nothing new under the
sun. But I would argue that the application and implications of these
ideas were first manifest some time in 2003

[How to Save the World]

A new post for the new year

Hello and thank you to all of my readers, large and small. 2003 was the year that I got on the blogging bandwaggon–what a wild ride it's been.

At first I struggeled with blogging. While written in the English language (for me anyway), blogging is a different medium for communication. That means different rules and different things to say. It means that you make mistakes and say you're sorry and it also means cheering when others applaud your words. With that said, thanks to all in the blogsphere for linking to me at one time or another. That form of praise, however faint, kept me going. No one likes to shout in a vacuum with no hope of being heard. To that end, I'm resolving to double my subscription list with people I've never heard of that say things I don't understand. Listening to other voices will make think.


I would like to thank “Dave Winer”, first and foremost. His continuing efforts to support simple, easy, user-friendly methods of personal public communication is inspiring. Dave, your unabashed love for users is a model we can all aspire to follow.

Tammy Kirks, my wife, gets the next slot on the list. Tammy's always been pro-blogging, even though she didn't understand it at first. She was completely behind my “mini-pilgrimage” to Boston for BloggerCon–a life changing event for me.

Tim Smith is next. Tim works tirelessly on a variety of technology projects outside of his normal “9-5” job so that others can enjoy something they never though possible. Tim made the first version of HTV Magazine, a website run by broadcast journalist students in Springfield, MO. “HTV” has become a model in student journalism, winning awards for the past 9 years straight.

Finally, the blogosphere, wrapped into one, gets my gratitude. If you read or have read the site or RSS feed, posted a comment or linked to an item of mine, you have made my life richer. Thank you.

Tomorrow? A summary of 2004 goals

Mark Pilgrim's Christmas gift

update: Mark's RSS feed no longer has the notice and still appears to be working.

I received this “gift” from Mark Pilgrim today:


The best things in life are not things. (11 words)

Note: The “dive into mark” feed you are currently subscribed to is deprecated. If your aggregator supports it, you should upgrade to my Atom feed, which includes both summaries and full content.

[dive into mark]

This is the first experience I've seen of what I'll call “feed discrimination”. This is similar to the browser wars of the late 90s. During that time, you could frequently see phrases at the bottom of a webpage “insulting” your choice of browser. Cute phrases like “Site best viewed using Internet Explorer” or worse would let you know that it's time to “upgrade”.

There are good and bad reasons to change feed formats. As a user, I don't care to debate them while receiving content. It's no extra effort for Mark to offer feeds in multiple formats, is it?

Mark, as a user, I would have responded better to something like this:

Note: The “dive into mark” feed you are currently subscribed contains basic information only. If your aggregator supports it, you should upgrade to my Atom feed, which includes both summaries and full content. Here's a list of aggregators that currently support Atom feeds. Here's a link showing you the differences and why it's important. Finally, go to this page and post a note letting your favorite aggregator's producer know that you want Atom support.

Mark, it's all in how you say it.

With all of the above said, I'm excited about live Atom feeds. I want to see what they are like and see if they are better or enable a better user experience. But, at version 0.3, is it really time to scare a user with a word like “deprecated”. I found this definition:

A deprecated element or attribute is one that has been outdated by newer constructs. Deprecated elements are defined in the reference manual in appropriate locations, but are clearly marked as deprecated. Deprecated elements may become obsolete in future versions of HTML.


Mark, if you read this, please understand I admire your work and the effort it takes daily to pioneer in a field that changes so often. I want success for the best of any breed of product. Just don't make users losers in the game.

Ross posts this note about RSS Winterfest. Dave is leading off-good news. Notice the name: RSS Winterfest, not Internet Content Syndication Winterfest. Includes Atom, too.

RSS Winterfest 2004. RSS Winterfest is a free two-day Webcast augmented by Socialtext Eventspace on, you guessed it, Internet Syndication and standards like RSS and Atom. We're also presenting alongside some good folks…. [Ross Mayfield's Weblog]

Radio reads Atom feeds

So I hacked Radio to accept an Atom 0.3 feed. Or did I? Well, I subscribed to the feed using Radio's standard mechanism, it's internal webpage. It reported an error with channel title, but a page refresh showed it in my list of subscriptions.

To be sure, I opened aggregatorData.root and deleted Mark Pilgrim's conventional feed. Right above it in the table was the atom-based URL. I'll leave it there and see how Radio parses it.

By the way, his Atom feed validates at Userland's RSS validator. [fingers crossed–maybe the aggregator won't know the difference.]

update: It knew the difference. So, I googled for some help and found a page about Radio's driver architecture that had some good information. Great, no problem. I followed the instructions there and was rewarded with disappointment: no compile script. No problem–more googling found this post that Dave wrote about his creation of a format reader for an Echo feed. Fine, Dave, but why didn't you follow your own instructions? Your feed format compiler is in the system space reserved for Userland. The original aggregator driver architecture post says it's in the user space. What gives?

Also, Mark tried it and it worked, but the format changed. I don't have the experience to catch up. Anyone else want a go?

This just points out how “pointless” the whole feed format this is. It's like Word vs. Word Perfect. Who cares?

Brain dump on discovery infrastructure for personal content

Holy Sh*t!

This means that we need a subscription signalling infrastructure for the three fundamental methods of communication:

  • One to one.
  • One to many.
  • Many to one.

Content delivery uses:

One to one is email. One to many is RSS. Many to one BitTorrent.

So now we need a global infrastructure like we have for DNS, right? Signaling in a standard format what's out there for me, where it is, and how to get it. My aggregator knows how to get it because the infrastructure tells it where it is.

So why the expletive? Well, we've got all of the delivery methods in place, so let's stop trying to reinvent them and instead reinvent the way we dicover our own content. Home servers are coming closer to a reality, so we can store the content we have for others locally. We can backup content for us locally or leave it on the place where it came from, getting it when we want to, not when we have to.

(ever been so excited about an idea that you can't type fast enough?)

TiVo does this to some extent.

Think TiVo meets email meets BitTorrent meets iTunes Music Store meets personal publishing. That's the client.

Think DNS as the infrastructure. I need “”, where is it? My local DNS server sends me to the root and that sends me to Yahoo!'s DNS server. It returns the IP for the web/ftp/email/IM server. DNS is our content infrastructure now, we're just not using it for that now.

Enter your DNS servers in a Network dialog box to make your Internet access make sense. No more IPs for you! Just those simple to remember names. So now, open your aggregator and enter the content directory servers. Oops! Can't do that!

Apple/next used to do this with NetInfo, but for local resources. Now they are slowly redoing it with Rendesvouz.

Wow… brain empty for now. Man, this is exciting…